Lesson Overview:

In this lesson, students will learn the three primary colors used in art and how those colors are combined to make other colors. Concepts will be solidified through a literary connection as well as through an exploration of color.

Objective(s): 

Students will…

  1. Follow directions and participate in the group discussion/lesson activities.
  2. Identify the three primary colors.
  3. Recognize that primary colors are used to make other colors.

Time Allotment: 

45 minutes-1 hour

Materials: 

*This lesson incorporates the use of three different centers.

Center 1: Watercolor Rainbows (students will paint rainbows using watercolor)

white tagboard (1 piece per child)

watercolor sets

brushes

cups of water

paper towels

Center 2: Coloring Mixing (place a piece of paper inside a box lid, squirt three small piles of each color paint onto the paper, allow students to lift the lid and tilt it to make the marbles move through the paint and mix)

white tagboard (1 piece per child)

tempera paints in red, yellow, and blue

marbles (3-5 per child)

box lids from copy paper boxes (1 per child)

Center 3: Make a Color Mixing Chart

“Color Mixing” worksheet (1 per child)

markers or crayons in yellow, red, blue, green, orange and purple

Anticipatory Set: 

Begin the lesson by stating the objective. Hold up some crayons that represent a variety of colors. Ask students if they know how those colors are made. Introduce the idea of color mixing. Tell students that many of the colors are made by mixing two or more colors together. One of the colors that is most often used is called a primary color. Primary colors are red, blue, and yellow. Those colors are called primary because no other colors can be mixed to make them. Use figure 1 to demonstrate. Introduce the book Color Dance by Ann Jonas. Tell students that they are going to learn more about primary colors and how they are used to make other colors.

Guided Practice: 

Have jars of water available along with food coloring. As you read the story, invite children to help you mix and form the colors the book is referring to. As different shades of the colors are introduce in the text, explain to children how white and black can be added to make colors lighter or darker. Having this visual will help solidify the concept of the primary colors and how they are mixed to make other colors.

After reading, refer to the picture of the rainbow in figure 1. Have children name the colors they see. Ask students to identify the primary colors. See if they can recall from the book how other colors are formed (e.g. orange= red+yellow, etc.).

Independent Practice: 

Allow students time to create in different centers. Prompt students to switch or allow them to roam between centers as they finish each project.

Closure: 

Gather students together. Recall the “Big Ideas” from the lesson. Ask students to share what they learned. Ask questions to prompt thinking and to assess: What are the primary colors? Are colors mixed to form them? How are they used to make other colors?

Assessment: 

Students will be assessed according to their ability to…

  1. Follow directions and participate in the group discussion/lesson activities.
  2. Identify the three primary colors.
  3. Recognize that primary colors are used to make other colors.